Jul 15, 1977

Purification and properties of urinary alkaline ribonucleases from patients with nephrotic syndrome

Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
M YamanakaT Omae


Four urinary alkaline ribonucleases (RNase, EC were purified from patients with nephrotic syndrome using phosphocellulose, DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex G-75 chromatographiy. These enzymes were designated as RNases 1--4, respectively, in order of elution on phosphocellulose chromatography. The respective purification of each fraction was 41-, 23-, 34- and 27-fold with a total recovery of 25%. The pH optima of these RNases were around 8.5 with Tris/HCl buffer and the reaction was activated by mono- and divalent cations, such as Na+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+, but inhibited by Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. EDTA had little effect on the velocity of reaction. The molecular weights of RNases 1--4 were estimated by gel filtration as 45 000, 32 000, 20 000, and 13 000, respectively. Each enzyme hydrolyzed pyrimidine nucleotides preferentially with higher affinity for poly(C) than poly (U) as determined with synthetic polymers and was free from other nucleolytic enzymes. The patients with renal disorders excreted one to four RNases in urine and the number of enzymes increased as the concentration of urinary protein increased. On the other hand, normal subjects excreted a single fraction essentially identical to RNase 1.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cations, Divalent
Nephrotic Syndrome
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Pyrimidine Nucleotides
Synthetic Polymer
Kidney Neoplasm
Alkaline Ribonuclease
Gel Chromatography

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