Jul 8, 1976

Purification and some properties of a neutral protease from human leukocyte granules and its comparison with pancreatic elastase

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
D KruzeA Böni

Abstract

1. A cationic protease has been purified from the granule fraction of blood-donor leukocytes by a preparative method including precipitation by acetone and chromatography on Bio-Gel A 1.5 m, CM-Sephadex C-50 and Sephadex G-G-75. 2. The pH optimum against denatured bovine hemoglobin is 7.4. Gel chromatography indicated a molecular weight close to 23 000. 3. This neutral protease (EC 3.4.-.-) is able to split the synthetic esters Z-Ala-NPh and AcAla3OMe, its activity on the former substrate being 2.2 times greater than that of pancreatic elastase, on the latter the same. It differs crucially from pancreatic elastase in having small elastinolytic activity. 4. In cationic disk electrophoresis, neutral protease resolves into three protein bands with lower mobility than lysozyme: all bands exhibit esterolytic activity against 2-acetoxy-3-naphthoic acid o-toluidide, strongly suggesting that they represent isoenzymes. 5. The enzyme is completely inhibited by iPr2P-F, partially so by soybean trypsin inhibitor and Trasylol. Cysteine, EDTA and TosLysCH2Cl have no effect. 6. During chromatography on CM-Sephadex C-50 a more positively charged enzyme(s) was identified. This had hemoglobinolytic activity at pH 7.4 but only a small esterolytic...Continue Reading

  • References1
  • Citations19

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Sephadex G
Trypsin Inhibitors
Glycine max
Soybean preparation
Pancreatitis
Peptide Hydrolases
Chromatography
Lysozyme Test
Bos taurus
White Blood Cell Count Procedure

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure (ASM)

Bacterial cell walls are made of peptidoglycan (also called murein), which is made from polysaccharide chains cross-linked by unusual peptides containing D-amino acids. Here is the latest research on bacterial cell wall structures.

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure

Bacterial cell walls are made of peptidoglycan (also called murein), which is made from polysaccharide chains cross-linked by unusual peptides containing D-amino acids. Here is the latest research on bacterial cell wall structures.