PMID: 36375May 1, 1979

Purification and some properties of cholesterol oxidase from Schizophyllum commune with covalently bound flavin

Journal of Biochemistry
M Fukuyama, Y Miyake

Abstract

Cholesterol oxidase [EC 1.1.3.6] from Schizophyllum commune was purified by an affinity chromatography using 3-O-succinylcholesterol-ethylenediamine (3-cholesteryl-3-[2-aminoethylamido]propionate) Sepharose gels. The resulting preparation was homogeneous as judged by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 53,000 by SDS-gel electrophoresis and 46,000 by sedimentation equilibrium. The enzyme contained 483 amino acid residues as calculated on the basis of the molecular weight of 53,000. The enzyme consumed 60 mumol of O2/min per mg of protein with 1.3 mM cholesterol at 37 degrees C. The enzyme showed the highest activity with cholesterol; 3 beta-hydroxysteroids, such as dehydroepiandrosterone, pregnenolone, and lanosterol, were also oxidized at slower rates. Ergosterol was not oxidized by the enzyme. The Km for cholesterol was 0.33 mM and the optimal pH was 5.0. The enzyme is a flavoprotein which shows a visible absorption spectrum having peaks at 353 nm and 455 nm in 0.1 M acetate buffer, pH 4.0. The spectrum was characterized by the hypsochromic shift of the second absorption peak of the bound flavin. The bound flavin was reduced on anaerobic additi...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Agaricaceae
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Schizophyllum commune
3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
Cholesterol Oxidase
Spectrophotometry
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Flavitan

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