Jan 1, 1976

Purification and some properties of NADP+ -specific isocitrate dehydrogenase from an extreme thermophile, Thermus flavus AT-62

Experientia. Supplementum
T SaikiK Arima

Abstract

Thermostable NADP+ -specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.42) was purified from crude extract of an extremely thermophilic bacterium Thermus flavus AT-62 through DEAE-cellulose column, acetone fractionation, DEAE-Sephadex A-50 column and isoelectric focussing. The enzyme was purified about 500-folds in its specific activity and purity was found to be about 96%. The enzyme was not inactivated after 60 min at 70 degrees C, but 20 and 80% of the activity were lost after 60 min at 80 degrees and 90 degrees C, respectively. Oxalacetate plus glyoxylate (each 1 nM) demonstrated 75% inhibition of the activity in concerted manner. The degree of the inhibition and the affinity of the enzyme for isocitrate and NADP+ decreased with the rise of temperature, especially above 60 degrees C. The activation energy below and above 60 degrees C were 14,500 and 8,000 cal per mole respectively. In CD spectra negative bands at 210 and 220nm were observed and alpha-helix content was calculated to be about 26%. In the course of heating up to 60 degrees practically no change in CD bands are observed, but above 60 degrees the depth of CD bands decreased gradually and remarkably above 80 degrees C. The effect of temperature on kinetic parameters and...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Isocitrate Dehydrogenase-I
Glyoxylates
Protein Conformation
IDH2
Oxaloacetic Acids
NADP
Circular Dichroism, Vibrational
QPCT
Achromobacteriaceae

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