Nov 1, 1982

Purification, characterization and regulation of five rat hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 isozymes

Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
D E RyanW Levin


1. Five hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 isozymes (cytochromes P-450a, P-450b, P-450c, P-450d, P-450e) have been purified to apparent homogeneity from immature male rats treated with various xenobiotics. 2. The unique electrophoretic properties, substrate specificities and spectral characteristics of these haemoproteins have been compared and contrasted. 3. Structural studies of these cytochrome P-450 isozymes have included NH2-terminal amino acid sequence analyses, as well as electrophoretic profiles of limited proteolytic digests and cyanogen bromide fragments of the haemoproteins. 4. Specific antibodies have been prepared against four of the isozymes and used to evaluate immunochemical relationships among these cytochrome P-450s by Ouchterlony double-diffusion analyses. 5. The levels of some of these cytochrome P-450 isozymes have been quantified immunologically in hepatic microsomal preparations from untreated rats and following induction by phenobarbital, 3-methylcholanthrene or Aroclor 1254. 6. Antibodies directed against cytochromes P-450a and P-450b have been used to establish the presence of more than one 7 alpha- and 16 alpha-testosterone hydroxylase in rat hepatic microsomes. The relative contributions of cytochro...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Testosterone Measurement
Cytochrome P450

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