Sep 1, 1987

Purification of human liver cytochrome P-450 catalyzing testosterone 6 beta-hydroxylation

Journal of Biochemistry
S KawanoR Kato


Two forms of cytochrome P-450 (P-450 human-1 and P-450 human-2) have been purified from human liver microsomes to electrophoretic homogeneity. P-450 human-1 and P-450 human-2 differ in their apparent molecular weights (52,000 and 56,000, respectively) and Soret peak maxima in the CO-binding reduced difference spectrum (447.6 and 450.3 nm, respectively). In the reconstituted system using rat liver NADPH-cytochrome c (P-450) reductase, P-450 human-2 more effectively oxidized benzo(a)pyrene (80-fold), ethylmorphine (2-fold), and 7-ethoxycoumarin (2-fold) than did P-450 human-1. However, P-450 human-1 showed higher testosterone 6 beta-hydroxylase activity, and the activity was markedly increased by the inclusion of cytochrome b5 or spermine in the reconstituted system. Antibodies raised against P-450 human-1 inhibited more than 80% of microsomal testosterone 6 beta-hydroxylase activity in human liver. Immunoblotting analysis using anti-P-450 human-1 IgG revealed a single immuno-staining band near Mr 52,000 in all human liver samples examined. The amount of immunochemically determined P-450 human-1 varied in parallel with the testosterone 6 beta-hydroxylase activity in human liver. These results indicate that P-450 human-1 is a majo...Continue Reading

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Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Infrared Spectrophotometry

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