Jul 10, 1976

Purification of plasma membrane penicillinase from Bacillus licheniformis 749/C and comparison with exoenzyme

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
S Yamamoto, J O Lampen


The membrane penicillinase of Bacillus licheniformis 749/C has been demonstrated to be a phospholipoprotein. The homogeneous enzyme gives a positive reaction for phosphorous and for unsaturated fatty acids, has a molecular weight of 33,000 in contrast to 29,000 for the exoenzyme, and contains 8 to 9 additional residues of aspartate or asparagine, 4 to 5 of serine, 7 of glutamate or glutamine, and 4 to 5 of glycine per mole. The COOH-terminal sequence of both membrane and exoenzymes is -Met-Asn-Gln-Lys-COOH; hence the extra peptide portion present in the membrane enzyme is not attached to the COOH-terminus of the exoenzyme. Procedures which readily detected the lysine residue at the NH2 terminus of the exoenzyme did not yield a positive test with the membrane form. The NH2 terminus of the membrane enzyme may be blocked by or linked to the phospholipid. A procedure for the preparation of membrane penicillinase on a large scale and an improved method for purification of the exoenzyme have been developed.

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Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Plasma Membrane

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