Aug 1, 1996

Purification of rat liver xanthine oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase by affinity chromatography on benzamidine-sepharose

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
J L McManamanJ E Repine


The oxidase form of xanthine dehydrogenase (XO; EC has been purified approximately 200-fold from rat liver extracts using a three-step process of heat treatment, ammonium sulfate precipitation, and chromatography on benzamidine-Sepharose. The purified enzyme showed only minor contamination when analyzed by gel electrophoresis under either native or sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-denatured conditions and appears to be intact based on its subunit size on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, its N-terminal amino acid sequence, and its ability to be converted to the NAD-dependent dehydrogenase form (XD; EC by incubation with dithiothreitol. Isoelectric focusing analysis showed that the purified enzyme consists of two major, enzymatically active isoforms with average pI values of 6.13 and 6.23 and a minor enzymatically active isoform with an average pl value of 6.07. A similar purification of XD was achieved by preincubating the partially purified oxidase with dithiothreitol prior to affinity chromatography on benzamidine-Sepharose. The effects of benzamidine on the kinetic properties of purified rat XO were characterized at pH 8 and 9 and were compared to those of bovine milk XO. Benzamidine was found to be a ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations12


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations12


Mentioned in this Paper

Bos taurus
Xanthine Oxidase
Benzamidine hydrochloride
Aldehyde Oxidoreductases
Purification Aspects
Amino-Terminal Amino Acid

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.