Aug 1, 1975

Purification of several bacteriolytic enzymes by affinity chromatography on lysozyme-lysate of Micrococcus lysodeikticus cell wall coupled with sepharose

Journal of Biochemistry
T YoshimotoD Tsuru

Abstract

Using lysozyme-lysate of Micrococcus lysodeikticus cell wall coupled with Sepharose, several bacteriolytic enzymes were purified from crude preparations of animal and microbial origin. Quail egg-white, human milk and salivary lysozymes [EC 3.2.1.17] were adsorbed onto the adsorbent at pH 5-7 and eluted with 2M NaCl at pH 10. By means of these treatments, lysozymes were purified 20-250 fold with activity recoveries of 60-80%, and the quail lysozyme thus purified was shown to be discelectrophoretically homogeneous. Some bacteriolytic enzymes of microbial origin were also highly purified by using this affinity adsorbent. A bacterial lysozyme from Bacillus sp. ML-208 showed high affinity for the ligand and was not eluted under the conditions mentioned above, but was recovered by elution with 2M guanidine-HCl at pH 5.8, resulting in a 500-fold increase in the specific activity. A Pseudomonas-lytic enzyme from Streptomyces sp. P-51 was easily released from the adsorbent by elution with 0.5M NaCl at pH 5.0. A staphylolytic F2 enzyme from S. griseus S-35 and a chitinase [EC 3.2.1.14] from yam, both of which were completely inert toward M. lysodeikticus cell wall, passed through the adsorbent column. A modified ligand, in which muramic ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Pseudomonas Infections
Micrococcus luteus
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Egg Whites
Lysozyme Test
LYZ
Stenocereus griseus
Bacillus species
CHIT1
Streptacidiphilus griseus

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure

Bacterial cell walls are made of peptidoglycan (also called murein), which is made from polysaccharide chains cross-linked by unusual peptides containing D-amino acids. Here is the latest research on bacterial cell wall structures.

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure (ASM)

Bacterial cell walls are made of peptidoglycan (also called murein), which is made from polysaccharide chains cross-linked by unusual peptides containing D-amino acids. Here is the latest research on bacterial cell wall structures.