Sep 25, 1989

Purification of the human placental alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor

FEBS Letters
P H JensenJ Gliemann

Abstract

The alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor was solubilized from human placental membranes, purified and characterized. Affinity cross-linking of labelled ligand to intact membranes showed a receptor size compatible with 400-500 kDa. The membranes were solubilized in 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]propane sulfonate (CHAPS) and affinity chromatography was performed using Sepharose-immobilized alpha 2-macroglobulin-methylamine with elution in buffer containing 2 mM EDTA, pH 6.0. SDS-PAGE of the resulting receptor preparation showed a predominant approx. 440 kDa band (reducing conditions) and some minor accompanying proteins of 70-90 kDa and 40 kDa. The yield was 400-800 micrograms receptor preparation per placenta. The receptor preparation immobilized on nitrocellulose bound the alpha 2-macroglobulin-trypsin complex with a dissociation constant of about 400 pM. 125I-iodinated receptor preparation bound almost quantitatively to Sepharose-immobilized alpha 2-macroglobulin-methylamine in the presence of CHAPS alone, and bound 70-80% in the presence of 0.2% SDS. The labelled proteins were separated in the presence of 0.2% SDS by gel filtration or SDS-PAGE (unboiled samples). The 440 kDa protein accounted for the major part of the bindi...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Alpha 1-Acute Phase Globulin
Placenta
Receptors, Immunologic
Plasma Membrane
Chromatography, Affinity
LDL-Receptor Related Protein 1
3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria Type 3

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.