Aug 25, 1976

Purification, properties, and substrate specificities of phosphoprotein phosphatase(s) from rabbit liver

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
R L KhandelwalE G Krebs

Abstract

The phosphoprotein phosphatase(s) acting on muscle phosphorylase a was purified from rabbit liver by acid precipitation, high speed centrifugation, chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex A-50, Sephadex G-75, and Sepharose-histone. Enzyme activity was recovered in the final step as two distinct peaks tentatively referred to as phosphoprotein phosphatases I and II. Each phosphatase showed a single broad band when examined by sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis; the molecular weights derived by this method were approximately 30,500 for phosphoprotein phosphatase I and 34,000 for phosphoprotein phosphatase II. The s20, w value for each enzyme was 3.40. Using this value and values for the Stokes radii, the molecular weight for each enzyme was calculated to be 34,500. Both phosphatases, in addition to catalyzing the conversion of phosphorylase a to b, also catalyzed the dephosphorylation of glycogen synthase D, activated phosphorylase kinase, phosphorylated histone, phosphorylated casein, and the phosphorylated inhibitory component of troponin (TN-I). The relative activities of the phosphatases with respect to phosphorylase a, glycogen synthase D, histone, and casein remained essentially constant throughout the purification. The acti...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Casein allergenic extract
Histone antigen
Caseins
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Chromatography
PHKA2
Centrifugation
DEAE-Sephadex A-50
Phosphorylase Kinase
Enzyme Activity

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