May 1, 1976

Purine catabolism in man: characterization of placental microsomal 5'-nucleotidase

Canadian Journal of Biochemistry
I H Fox, P J Marchant

Abstract

Human placental microsomal 5'-nucleotidase (EC 3.1.3.5) was prepared free of alkaline phosphatase by isoelectric focusing. A total of seven electrophoretic variants were isolated during the preparation of six placentas. Only three to six variants were found in a single placenta. The isoelectric pH's were 6.70, 6.44, 6.23, 6.02, 5.76, 5.63 and 5.44. These were found to be composed of variable quantities of a large, medium and low molecular weight form. The apparent molecular weights of the medium and light form of the enzyme were 86 500 and 43 500, respectively, as estimated from Stokes radius and sedimentation velocity determinations. The electrophoretic variants were not distinguishable with respect to specific activity and Michaelis constants for AMP, GMP or CMP or inhibition by ATP, CTP or adenosine. These electrophoretic variants appeared to be pseudoisozymes based upon different states of aggregation of a common primary sequence. There was a wide range of substrate specificity among nucleoside 5'-monophosphates which included 2-deoxyribose compounds. With AMP as 100, substrate activity was: CMP, 122; NMN, 74; GMP, 68: IMP, 63; XMP, 28 and UDP-glucose, 68. The Michaelis constants for AMP, GMP and CMP ranged from 12-18 muM, ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations9

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Cations, Divalent
Nucleotidases
Structure-Activity Relationship
Microsomes
Purine Nucleotides
NT5E
Placenta
PDIA3
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Alloenzymes

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.