Dec 1, 1976

Purine catabolism in man: inhibition of 5'-phosphomonesterase activities from placental microsomes

Canadian Journal of Biochemistry
I H Fox, P J Marchant


The 5'-phosphomonoesterase activity of 5'-nucleotidase (EC and alkaline phosphatase (EC participates in the catabolism of purine ribonucleotides to uric acid in humans. Initial velocity studies of 5'-nucleotidase suggest a sequential mechanism of interaction between AMP nad MgCl2, with a Km of 14 and 3 muM, respectively. With product inhibition studies the apparent Ki's for adenosine, inosine, cytidine, and inorganic phosphate were 0.4, 3.0, 5.0, and 42 mM, respectively. A large number of nucleoside mono-, di-, and tri-phosphate compounds were inhibitors of the enzyme. Allopurinol ribonucleotide, ADP, or ATP were competitive inhititors when AMP was the substrate, with a Ki slope of 120 muM. The phosphomonoesterase activity of human placental microsomal alkaline phosphatase had a pH optimum of 10.0 and had only 18% of maximum activity at pH 7.4. Substrates and inhibitors included almost any phosphorylated compound. The Km for AMP was 0.4 mM and the apparent Ki for Pi was 0.6 mM. Activity was increased only 19% by 5 mM MgCl2. These observations suggest that 5'-nucleotidase and alkaline phosphatase may be inhibited by ATP and Pi, respectively, under normal intracellular conditions, and that AMP may be preferentia...Continue Reading

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Purine Nucleotides
Alkaline Phosphatase Measurement

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