PMID: 10864178Jun 23, 2000

Pyrazinamide is not active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis residing in cultured human monocyte-derived macrophages

The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : the Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
L HeifetsB Simon

Abstract

Mycobacteriology Laboratory, National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Denver, Colorado. To evaluate the antimicrobial activity of pyrazinamide against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in cultured human monocyte-derived normal and activated macrophages. Monocytes separated from human blood were incubated in plastic plates for seven days to mature into macrophage monolayers. After activation with TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma or without prior treatment, the macrophages were infected with M. tuberculosis. Various concentrations of pyrazinamide (PZA), morphazinamide (MZA) or isoniazid (INH) were added the next day, and the viable counts of the intracellular bacteria were determined at days 0, 4, and 8. No inhibitory activity of PZA at any concentration was detected, while clear dose-dependent bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities were demonstrated by MZA and INH in the same experimental model. PZA has neither bacteriostatic nor bactericidal activity against M. tuberculosis persisting or multiplying in cultured monocyte-derived human macrophages, and it might be that the well-known effectiveness of this drug in tuberculosis patients is not related to its supposed activity against intracellular bacterial subpopulations.

Related Concepts

Morphazinamide monohydrochloride
Antitubercular Agents
Tubazide
Macrophage
Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv
Tisamid
Pyrazines

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