Aug 1, 1975

Pyridine-2, 6-dicarboxylic acid (dipicolinic acid) formation in Bacillus subtilis. II Non-enzymatic and enzymatic formations of dipicolinic acid from alpha, epsilon-diketopimelic acid and ammonia

Journal of Biochemistry
K Kimura, T Sasakawa

Abstract

Non-enzymatic formation of dipicolinic acid (DPA) from diketopimelic acid and ammonia was clearly demonstrated using a new method for DPA analysis. The reaction rates of DPA formation were almost the same under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Nearly equimolecular quantities of DPA and tetrahydrodipicolinic acid were detected in spontaneous reaction mixture. The spontaneous reaction seemed to be due to dismutation of dihydrodipicolinic acid, resulting in DPA and tetrahydrodipicolinic acid. The apparent optimum pH of the spontaneous reaction was 8.2 and the maximal rate of DPA formation was observed with a 1 : 4 molar ratio of diketopimelic acid to ammonia. The rate of the spontaneous reaction was stimulated by ferrous sulfate, FMN, and riboflavin. Dihydrodipicolinate reductase catalyzes the reduction of dihydrodipicolinate, prepared from pyruvate and aspartic beta-semialdehyde, with NADPH as reductant. The reductase was isolated from Bacillus subtilis, and found to stimulate DPA formation from diketopimelic acid and ammonia. The enzymatic DPA formation was absolutely dependent on oxygen, and optimum pH was 6.4. The catalytic action of the enzyme was similar to that of the oxidase. Possible mechanisms of DPA formation from dike...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pyridines
Aerobiosis
Pyruvate Measurement
Oxidase
Dicarboxylic Acids
Riboflavin
Pyruvate
Pyridine
Blood Ammonia Measurement
Bacillus subtilis

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