Sep 27, 2019

QSAR and molecular docking studies of lethal factor protease inhibitors against Bacillus anthracis

SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
Mridula SaxenaA K Saxena

Abstract

Bacillus anthracis is considered as a biological warfare agent because it is the causative agent of the serious infectious anthrax disease. Delay in treatment leads to lethal factor-mediated toxaemia which is very critical due to lack of therapeutic options. Consequently, attempts have been made to discover potent lethal factor (LF) protease inhibitors such as small-molecule synthetic 2-thio-1,3-thiazolidine-4-one (rhodanine) compounds. But computed descriptor-based quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) and drug design studies on such aspect are poorly represented. Therefore, an attempt was made for developing QSAR models using structural descriptors for 1,3-thiazolidine-4-one compounds. The models were developed on a series of 49 LF protease inhibitors using the combination of constitutional, functional group, atom-centred fragment and molecular property descriptors. The best QSAR model included four variables, namely, C-040, nR05, GVWAI-80 and ALOGP that correlated well with the anti-LF protease activity with a good correlation coefficient (r = 0.870) of good statistical significance (F4, 29 = 14.09 (α = 0.001) F4, 29 = 6.19). This model was also validated and explained 58.1% of variances of the Bacillus anthrac...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Phenyl
Septic Toxemia
Anthrax Disease
Peptide Hydrolases
Inhibitors
Molecular Docking Simulation
Endopeptidases
Cell Nucleus
Evaluation
Docking -molecular Interaction

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