PMID: 606630Dec 1, 1977Paper

Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of internal anal sphincter function in the newborn

V E BostonM R Davies


One-hundred-and-one normal neonates were examined manometrically in the first day of life to assess anorectal function. In order to overcome some of the difficulties in subjective interpretation of results, the stimuli used and the response pattern seen in the anal canal were measured. In the unstimulated state, all subjects demonstrated rhythmical changes in anal canal tone. Mean maximal intraluminal pressure in the anal canal decreased significantly after 10 hours of age and after the first meconium stool. Only five out of the 101 examined on the first day of life had an abnormal manometric response. It is significant that none of these had passed meconium at the time of examination, and that all had a normal response pattern at the age of 28 hours. In 20 of these babies the sensitivity of the rectoanal reflex was measured and found to be significantly increased on the third day of life compared with the first. The quantitative changes in anorectal reflex function in the newborn, are thought to be related to the state of physiological ;constipation' which exists in utero and in the early neonatal period. The results indicate that a normal response pattern can be obtained in healthy babies after the first day of life. Conseque...Continue Reading


Aug 1, 1976·Gut·B D Hancock
Feb 1, 1976·Journal of Pediatric Surgery·V E Boston, J E Scott
Jul 1, 1975·Acta paediatrica Scandinavica·H VerderE Scheibel
Apr 1, 1976·Journal of Pediatric Surgery·A M HolschneiderW G Sippell
Dec 1, 1967·Journal of Pediatric Surgery·J O Lawson, H H Nixon

Related Concepts

Anal Canal
Smooth Muscle
Reflex Action

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.