Quantification of the kinetin effect on protein synthesis and degradation in senescing wheat leaves.

Plant Physiology
L LamattinaR P Lezica

Abstract

Wheat leaves (Triticum aestivum L. cv San Agustin INTA) were detached when they reached maximum expansion, put individually in tubes containing water and left in darkness. After 3 days the protein content had decreased to 46% of the initial value. When the leaves were placed in 1 micromolar kinetin, they retained 60% of the initial protein content for the same period. This effect was observed only when leaves were treated with kinetin within the first 24 hours after detachment. The action of kinetin on both protein synthesis and degradation was quantitatively measured. Synthesis was estimated by the incorporation of l-[(3)H]leucine into proteins. It was higher in kinetin treated than in non treated leaves. It contributed to about 14 micrograms of protein retention per leaf in 3 days. Measurement of protein degradation, evaluated by the decay of radioactivity in leaf proteins previously labeled with l-[(3)H] leucine or as the difference between rates of protein synthesis and protein content, showed that kinetin decreased protein breakdown rates. It accounted for about 186 micrograms of protein retention per leaf in 3 days. Hence, kinetin action on protein breakdown was 13-fold average higher than its action on synthesis for the ...Continue Reading

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