Nov 1, 1977

Quantitation of renal antigen excretion in the urine of normal children and of children with various renal diseases. I. Quantitation of renal antigens in random urine samples

Pediatric Research
E GazitH Boichis


This study reports a serologic method for the measurement of kidney-derived antigens in the urine of healthy children and of children with renal diseases. Two hundred twenty patients were studied. Four groups were recognized: group A, patients with no evidence of renal disease; group B, patients with past history of active urinary tract infection; group C, patients with active urinary tract infection; group D, patients with other renal diseases. Urinary renal antigen concentration was tested by the complement fixation method, in which titers of antigens in the urine were compared with a standard human renal antigen extract. The distribution of renal antigen concentrations in group C differed significantly (P(X2Y less than 0.001) from the other three groups. About 85% of patients in groups A, B, and D had levels below 0.6 mg/ml, whereas in group C only 53% of patients had similar concentrations. After factoring the results by the urinary concentration of creatinine, 85% of patients in group C had antigen levels above 0.6 mg/ml as opposed to 24%, 44%, and 27% in groups A, B, and D, respectively. The results of the study are consistent with the assumption that the rate of discharge of renal antigenic material in the urine is accel...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cockayne Syndrome
Antigenic Specificity
Urinary Tract Infection
Cystic Kidney Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urinary Tract

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