Quantitative Analyses of the Tumor Microenvironment Composition and Orientation in the Era of Precision Medicine

Frontiers in Oncology
Florent PetitprezWolf H Fridman

Abstract

Tumors are formed by aggregates of cells of various origins including malignant, stromal and immune cells. The number of therapies targeting the microenvironment is increasing as the tumor microenvironment is more and more recognized as playing an essential role in tumor control. In the era of precision medicine, it is essential to precisely estimate the composition, organization and functionality of the individual patient tumor microenvironment and to find ways to therapeutically modulate it. To quantify the cell populations present in the tumor microenvironment, many tools are now available and the most recent approaches will be reviewed herein. We provide an overview of experimental and computational methodologies used to quantify tumor-associated cellular populations, including immunohistochemistry, flow and mass cytometry, bulk and single-cell transcriptomic approaches. We illustrate their respective contribution to characterize the microenvironment. We also discuss how these methods allow to guide therapeutic choices, in relation to the predictive value of some characteristics of the microenvironment.

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Citations

May 28, 2020·Frontiers in Immunology·Florent PetitprezWolf H Fridman
May 28, 2020·Cancers·Stefano FregaLaura Evangelista
Sep 15, 2020·Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences·Anca F SavulescuMusa M Mhlanga
Jul 22, 2019·Cancer Letters·Rebeca Burgos-PanaderoRosa Noguera
Oct 5, 2020·Seminars in Immunology·Johanna VerneauCheng-Ming Sun

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
RNA-Seq
flow cytometry
scRNA-Seq

Software Mentioned

MCP
TIminer
CIBERSORT
counter
EPIC
xCell
quanTIseq
GSEA
Gene Set Enrichment Analysis [ GSEA
TIMER

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