Sep 1, 2017

Quantitative and organisational changes in mature extracellular matrix revealed through high-content imaging of total protein fluorescently stained in situ

Scientific Reports
Gill HoldsworthTimothy Johnson

Abstract

Fibrosis is a common driver of end-stage organ failure in most organs. It is characterised by excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Therapeutic options are limited and novel treatments are urgently required, however current cell-based high-throughput screening (HTS) models to identify molecules affecting ECM accumulation are limited in their relevance or throughput. We report a novel sensitive approach which combines in situ fluorescent staining of accumulated decellularised ECM proteins with automated high-content microscopy. Using this method to measure ECM accumulation in a kidney cell model, we demonstrated good agreement with established radiolabelled amino acid incorporation assays: TGFβ1 delivered a potent pro-fibrotic stimulus, which was reduced by TGFβ antibody or the anti-fibrotic nintedanib. Importantly, our method also provides information about matrix organisation: the extent of ECM accumulation was unaffected by the BMP antagonist Gremlin-1 but a pronounced effect on matrix fibrillar organisation was revealed. This rapid, straightforward endpoint provides quantitative data on ECM accumulation and offers a convenient cross-species readout that does not require antibodies. Our method facilit...Continue Reading

  • References29
  • Citations

References

  • References29
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Automation, Laboratory
Epithelial Cell of Renal Tubule
TGFA protein, human
Extracellular Matrix Constituent Secretion
Protein Deposition
Volar Plate
Cirrhosis
Antagonist Muscle Action
Gene Products, Protein
Extracellular Matrix

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.