To qualitatively and quantitatively assess the corticomedullary sodium 23 ((23)Na) concentration in human kidneys before and after oral administration of a water load by using 3-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Fourteen healthy volunteers (mean age, 28 years; range, 24-34 years) were included in this institutional review board-approved study between July and December 2009. For (23)Na MR imaging, a density-adapted three-dimensional radial gradient echo sequence (echo time, 0.55 msec; repetition time, 120 msec; spatial resolution, 5 × 5 × 5 mm) was used with a dedicated (23)Na-tuned coil. Beforehand, the coil profile was assessed by using phantom measurements, and the volunteer images were mathematically corrected accordingly. Images of the volunteers were obtained before and 30 minutes after oral ingestion of 1 L of water. As internal reference, (23)Na concentration of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was calculated. Well-defined corticomedullary complexes in each kidney were assessed, with (23)Na concentrations in the cortex and medulla assessed at various standardized points. From these values, quantitative (23)Na concentrations were derived, and the slopes of the linear portion of the concentration gradient were calculated. Pa...Continue Reading
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