Sep 7, 2015

Quantitative Genetics Meets Integral Projection Models: Unification of Widely Used Methods from Ecology and Evolution

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Tim CoulsonJean-Michel Gaillard

Abstract

1) Micro-evolutionary predictions are complicated by ecological feedbacks like density dependence, while ecological predictions can be complicated by evolutionary change. A widely used approach in micro-evolution, quantitative genetics, struggles to incorporate ecological processes into predictive models, while structured population modelling, a tool widely used in ecology, rarely incorporates evolution explicitly. 2) In this paper we develop a flexible, general framework that links quantitative genetics and structured population models. We use the quantitative genetic approach to write down the phenotype as an additive map. We then construct integral projection models for each component of the phenotype. The dynamics of the distribution of the phenotype are generated by combining distributions of each of its components. Population projection models can be formulated on per generation or on shorter time steps. 3) We introduce the framework before developing example models with parameters chosen to exhibit specific dynamics. These models reveal (i) how evolution of a phenotype can cause populations to move from one dynamical regime to another (e.g. from stationarity to cycles), (ii) how additive genetic variances and covariances...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Face
Laboratory
Adaptation
Environmental Model
Phenotype Determination
Population Group
Evolution, Molecular
Biological Evolution

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