Mar 25, 1976

Quantitative relationships between phosphorylation, electron flow, and internal hydrogen ion concentrations in spinach chloroplasts

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
A R Portis, R E McCarty


1. Further evidence that the uptake of [14C]hexylamine, determined by centrifugal filtration of spinach chloroplast thylakoids through silicone fluid layers, gives precise estimations of light-induced H+ concentration gradients (deltapH) is presented. DeltapH was independent of the amount of thylakoids used or of the concentration of hexylamine. Moreover, hexylamine uptake was sensitive to the osmolarity of the suspending medium. 2. Internal H+ concentration ([H+]in) is proportional to the rate of electron flow when light intensity was used to vary these parameters. Proportionality was still observed in the presence of 0.1 and 1.0 muM gramicidin D. When, however, [H+]in and electron flow were varied by increasing the concentration of gramicidin D, at constant light intensity the rate of electron flow was approximately proportional to 1/[H]in. 3. The phosphorylation efficiency (P/e2 ratio) falls with decreasing light intensity or increasing concentrations of the phosphorylation inhibitor, 4'-deoxyphlorizin. The proportionality between the rate of electron flow and [H+]in allows the calculation of the rate of nonphosphorylating (basal) electron flow if [H+]in under phosphorylating conditions is known. The contribution of basal el...Continue Reading

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Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Respiratory Chain

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