Quantitative studies of embryogenesis in normal and 5-methyltryptophan-resistant cell lines of wild carrot : The effects of growth regulators

Z R SungJ Horowitz


The frequency of embryo formation was determined in normal and 5-methyltryptophan-resistant (5-MT(r)) cell lines of wild carrot (Daucus carota L.) grown in the presence or absence of 2-isopentenyladenine (2-ip) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). 2-ip stimulated the intitation of embryo formation and also accelerated embryo development. 2.4-D inhibited embryo differentiation at several stages: at 0.1 mg/l, it stopped regeneration at the earliest stage, resulting in callus growth instead of embryo formation; at 0.04 mg/l 2,4-D, some globular embryos were produced, but they did not develop into more advanced embryos. Variant cell lines with higher levels of auxin (indole-3-acetic acid, IAA) were used to study the effect of an elevated endogenous concentration of auxin on embryogenesis. IAA at these concentrations suppressed regeneration in the same manner as the exogenous auxin, 2,4-D, did. This result confirms the hypothesis that high levels of IAA are responsible for the suppression of regeneration in the 5-MT(r) cell lines.

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