Oct 4, 2011

Quantitative waveform measures of the electrocardiogram as continuous physiologic feedback during resuscitation with cardiopulmonary bypass

Resuscitation
David D SalcidoJames J Menegazzi

Abstract

There are few if any real-time physiologic measures that currently provide feedback during resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Such measures could be used to guide therapy not simply based on process guidelines but on the physiologic response of the patient from moment to moment. To this end, we applied an existing technology - quantitative waveform measures (QWMs) of the ventricular fibrillation (VF) electrocardiogram (ECG) - as a continuous measure of myocardial response to reperfusion with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) after prolonged cardiac arrest. Sixteen domestic, mixed-breed swine were sedated, anesthetized and paralyzed. Mechanical ventilation with room air was provided. Large diameter bypass catheters were placed in the right external jugular vein and right femoral artery for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). VF was induced with a 3-s 100mA transthoracic shock and left untreated for 15, 20, 25, or 30min, followed by 10min of centrifugal pump CPB (Bard CPS). Continuous Lead II ECG was recorded with an electronic data acquisition system (Power Lab, ADInstruments). Four QWMs representing 4 signal characteristics of the VF ECG were calculated in 5-s windows throughout the course of untreated VF and resuscitation with CPB. Four ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
Ventricular Fibrillation
Physiologic Pulse
Heparin
Amsacrine
Left Ventricle Remodeling
Myocardium
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Shock
Legal Patent

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