Rabies awareness and dog ownership among rural northern and southern Chadian communities-Analysis of a community-based, cross-sectional household survey

Acta Tropica
Céline MbiloJakob Zinsstag

Abstract

Canine rabies represents a major - but preventable - public health threat in Chad. In preparation for a nation-wide canine parenteral mass vaccination campaign we conducted a community-based, cross-sectional multi-stage cluster survey in 40 villages in two southern and two northern regions of Chad. Our objective was to investigate rabies awareness and dog-ownership among the rural population. Almost half of the households (45%) owned dogs, with an overall dog:human ratio of 1:7.8. Southern households owned almost two thirds (701/918) of all dogs and the number of dogs per household was twice as high compared to the north (2.7 vs. 1.3, respectively). This translates into a dog:human ratio of 1:5.2 in the south and 1:16.4 in the north. Only 76% of the respondents had heard of rabies. Respondents who (1) were male, (2)>19 years, (3) had primary education or higher and (4) were of Muslim faith were more likely to have heard of rabies (p<0.01). High level of rabies knowledge was positively associated with (1) southern residence, (2) any kind of education and (3) Christian or "other" religions. In contrast to rabies awareness, high level of knowledge was negatively associated with increasing age. 11% of respondents reported that at l...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mar 10, 2018·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Jordana L Burdon BaileyStella Mazeri
Dec 23, 2017·Epidemiology and Infection·E HasanovD L Horton
Aug 23, 2017·Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease·Monique LechenneJakob Zinsstag
Jan 9, 2019·Bulletin of the World Health Organization·Yuehong WeiZhicong Yang
Sep 13, 2018·Veterinary Sciences·Maganga SamboPaul C D Johnson
Apr 19, 2020·Acta Tropica·Alladoumngar MadjadinanMonique Lechenne

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