Apr 4, 2017

Race and outcomes in gastroschisis repair: a nationwide analysis

Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Ye Kyung SongRavi S Radhakrishnan

Abstract

The incidence of gastroschisis has increased 30% between the periods 1995-2005 and 2006-2012, with the largest increase in Black neonates born to Black mothers younger than 20years old. Racial disparities in peri- and post-operative outcomes have been previously identified in several types of adult and pediatric surgical patients. Is there an association between race and clinical outcomes and healthcare resource utilization in neonates with gastroschisis? Retrospective study using national administrative data from the Kid's Inpatient Database (KID) from 2006, 2009, and 2012 for neonates (age<28days) with gastroschisis. Multivariable logistic regression was constructed to determine the association of race and socioeconomic characteristics with complications and mortality; linear regression was used for length of stay and hospital charges. We identified 3846 neonates with gastroschisis that underwent surgical repair, including 676 patients with complex gastroschisis. When controlling for birth weight, payer status, socioeconomic status, and hospital characteristics, Black neonates had increased odds of having complex gastroschisis and associated atresias. Mortality was higher in patients with complex gastroschisis, patients from ...Continue Reading

  • References24
  • Citations3

References

  • References24
  • Citations3

Mentioned in this Paper

Necrosis
Prenatal Care brand of multivitamin
Morbidity Aspects
Hispanics
Intestinal Perforation
Administration Procedure
Gastroschisis
Atresia
Prenatal brand of multivitamin
African American

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