PMID: 570017Jan 1, 1979Paper

Radiation resistance and injury of Yersinia enterocolitica

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Y A EL-Zawahry, D B Rowley

Abstract

The D values of Yersinia enterocolitica strains IP134, IP107, and WA, irradiated at 25 degrees C in Trypticase soy broth, ranged from 9.7 to 11.8 krad. When irradiated in ground beef at 25 and -30 degrees C, the D value of strain IP107 was 19.5 and 38.8 krad, respectively. Cells suspended in Trypticase soy broth were more sensitive to storage at -20 degrees C than those mixed in ground beef. The percentages of inactivation and of injury (inability to form colonies in the presence of 3.0% NaCl) of cells stored in ground beef for 10 days at -20 degrees C were 70 and 23%, respectively. Prior irradiation did not alter the cell's sensitivity to storage at -20 degrees C, nor did storage at -20 degrees C alter the cell's resistance to irradiation at 25 degrees C. Added NaCl concentrations of up to 4.0% in Trypticase soy agar (TSA) (which contains 0.5% NaCl) had little effect on colony formation at 36 degrees C of unirradiated Y. enterocolitica. With added 4.0% NaCl, 79% of the cells formed colonies at 36 degrees C; with 5.0% NaCl added, no colonies were formed. Although 2.5% NaCl added to ground beef did not sensitize Y. enterocolitica cells to irradiation, when added to TSA it reduced the number of apparent radiation survivors. Cells...Continue Reading

Citations

Apr 1, 1982·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·B SwaminathanI J Mehlman
Dec 6, 2012·Journal of Food Protection·I García-MárquezM C Cabeza
Dec 12, 2012·International Journal of Microbiology·I García-MárquezM C Cabeza

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