Nov 1, 1969

Radiochemical micro assays for the determination of choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase activities

The Biochemical Journal
F Fonnum

Abstract

1. The methods for the assay of choline acetyltransferase were based on the reaction between labelled acetyl-CoA and unlabelled choline to give labelled acetylcholine. 2. Both synthetic acetyl-CoA and acetyl-CoA formed from sodium [1-(14)C]acetate or sodium [(3)H]acetate by incubation with CoA, ATP, Mg(2+) and extract from acetone-dried pigeon liver were used. 3. [1-(14)C]Acetylcholine was isolated by extraction with ketonic sodium tetraphenylboron. 4. [(3)H]Acetylcholine was precipitated with sodium tetraphenylboron to remove a ketone-soluble contaminant in sodium [(3)H]acetate and then extracted with ketonic sodium tetraphenylboron. 5. The values of choline acetyltransferase activity obtained in the presence of sodium cyanide or EDTA and synthetic acetyl-CoA were similar to those obtained with acetyl-CoA synthesized in situ. 6. The assay of acetylcholinesterase was based on the formation of labelled acetate from labelled acetylcholine. The labelled acetylcholine could be quantitatively removed from the acetate by extraction with ketonic sodium tetraphenylboron. 7. The methods were tested with samples from central and peripheral nervous tissues and purified enzymes. 8. The blank values for choline acetyltransferase and acetylc...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Choline
Structure of Sciatic Nerve
Borides
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Brain
Acetyl Coenzyme A
Allergy Testing Pigeon
Isocyanides
ACHE
Tetraphenylborate

About this Paper

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