Radiographic features of paediatric pneumocystis pneumonia -- a historical perspective

Clinical Radiology
R D Pitcher, H J Zar


To determine differences between the plain radiographic features of paediatric pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) recorded before the emergence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in 1982 and those documented in the HIV era. To establish differences in the radiographic features of PCP documented in HIV-infected children in developed and developing countries. A Medline search of articles was conducted from 1950 to 2006, using the terms "pneumocystis pneumonia in children" and "chest radiographic features" or "bilateral opacification" or "lobar consolidation" or "asymmetrical opacification" or "pneumatocoeles" or "cavities" or "pneumothorax" or "pneumomediastinum" or "pleural effusion" or "mediastinal adenopathy" or "nodules" or "normal chest radiography". Appropriate articles were retrieved, radiological data extracted, reference lists examined and hand searches of referenced articles conducted. Diffuse bilateral "ground-glass" or alveolar pulmonary opacification, which may show some asymmetry, has been consistently documented as the commonest radiographic finding in childhood PCP throughout the period under review. The less common radiological features of PCP in children are similar to those in adults. In developed countries, PCP-r...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Pneumocystis Jiroveci Pneumonia
Diagnostic Radiologic Examination
HIV Infections
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Developed Countries
Mediastinal Emphysema

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