Dec 1, 1975

Radioimmunological determination of human C-peptide in serum

L G Heding


A routing radioimmunoassay for human C-peptide in serum is described. Antibodies against human C-peptide were raised by immunizing guinea pigs with human b-component. Nine out of 12 animals produced useful antibodies within 6 months. Insulin antibodies coupled to Sepharose were used to bind human proinsulin and insulin in the serum and after centrifugation C-peptide was determined in the supernatant. The detection limit of the assay (calculated as 2 SD from zero) was about 0.003 pmole of C-peptide (in 100 mul). The main sources of error were: (1) Normal and diabetic sera devoid of C-peptide gave a displacement of 125I-Tyr-C-peptide varying from 0 to 0.16 nM (6 different antisera). Only one antiserum (M 1181) showed no displacement, and the values of C-peptide determined with this antiserum in normal and diabetic sera were lower than the values determined with another antiserum, which gave a value of 0.07 nM in the sera free of C-peptide. It is suggested that displacement found with most antisera is due to substances in serum that are not related to C-peptide or proinsulin. (2) Serial dilutions of pancreatic extracts and sera may yield dilution curves slightly different to those of the synthetic standard. Possible explanations a...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

AS 2
Immune Sera
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase Activity
Insulin C-peptide Measurement

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