Radiolucent lesions of the mandible: a pattern-based approach to diagnosis

Insights Into Imaging
Laurène AvrilMinerva Becker

Abstract

Radiolucent mandibular lesions seen on panoramic radiographs develop from both odontogenic and non-odontogenic structures. They represent a broad spectrum of lesions with a varying degree of malignant potential. The purpose of this review is to illustrate the characteristic imaging findings-as well as the clinical and histological features-of common and uncommon radiolucent lesions of the mandible. This review article is based on the retrospective evaluation of 11,725 panoramic radiographs seen in our institution during the past 6 years. It provides a comprehensive, practical approach to the radiological interpretation of radiolucent lesions of the mandible. To facilitate the diagnostic approach, we have classified radiolucent lesions into two groups: lesions with well-defined borders and those with ill-defined borders. Lesion prevalence, age of manifestation, location within the mandible, relationship to dental structures, effect on adjacent structures and characteristic findings at computed tomography (CT), cone beam CT (CBCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) are discussed. Pitfalls including malignant lesions mimicking benign disease and pseudo-lesions are equally addressed. Knowledg...Continue Reading

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
biopsy

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