RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL COMPARING MORNING VERSUS NIGHT ADMINISTRATION OF LEVOTHYROXINE IN OLDER PERSONS

Raquel Almeida de OliveiraRenato Gorga Bandeira de Mello

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of levothyroxine administration strategies in the treatment of hypothyroidism in older persons in a tertiary outpatient clinic. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of older persons with a diagnosis of primary hypothyroidism who had been receiving levothyroxine for at least 6 months with a stable dose in the last 3 months. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two administration strategies: morning (1 hour before breakfast) or night (1 hour after the last meal). In a period ≥ 12 weeks, patients were instructed to cross over between strategies. Laboratory tests for thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) were performed at visit 0 (baseline), visit 1 (period ≥ 12 weeks), and visit 2 (completion — period ≥ 24 weeks); a standardized questionnaire was also applied. Preliminary analyses of the period before crossover are presented. RESULTS: The preliminary sample consisted of 98 patients, with a mean age of 71.26 (SD 7.12) years; 83.67% were women. Fifty-three patients started with the morning strategy and 45 with the night strategy, and one patient did not return for reassessment. Median TSH levels ranged from 2.74 (IQR 1.06–4.19) at baseline to 2.77 (IQR 0.75–4.41) a...Continue Reading

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