Feb 19, 2000

Rapid detection of respiratory viruses by centrifugation enhanced cultures from children with acute lower respiratory tract infections

Journal of Clinical Virology : the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
R S MaitreyiA K Prasad

Abstract

Acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in young children in developing countries. Information on viral aetiology in ARI in India is very limited. The aim of the study was to define the role of viruses in acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRTI) in children in India using centrifugation enhanced cultures followed by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF). Nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) were collected from children from September 1995 to April 1997, attending paediatric clinic of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) with symptoms of ALRTI. Virus isolation was done by centrifugation enhanced cultures using HEp-2, LLC-MK2 and MDCK cells. The viruses were identified at 24-48 h post inoculation by IIF staining using monoclonal antibodies to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza virus (PIV), influenza virus and adenovirus. Of 200 NPA samples, 89 (44.5%) were positive for one or more viral pathogens. RSV was detected in 34 (17%) of all ALRTI cases followed by influenza viruses in 29 (14.5%), PIVs in 23 (11.5%) and adenoviruses in three (1.5%). In 79 children with bronchiolitis, RSV was most frequently isolated (25%) pathogen, while in bronchopneumonia cases (101) ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies, antineoplastic
Morbidity Aspects
Virus Diseases
Medicine
Nasopharynx
Bronchiolitis
Pathogenic Organism
Bronchopneumonia

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