Rapid detection of respiring Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice, milk, and ground beef by flow cytometry

Cytometry. Part a : the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
N YamaguchiMasao Nasu


Rapid and simple methods to detect viable pathogenic microbes in foods and drinks are required. Flow cytometry was used for the rapid detection of respiring Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells in apple juice, milk, and ground beef. CTC (5-cyano-2,3-ditolyl tetrazolium chloride) was used to estimate the respiratory activity of bacteria. Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled anti-E. coli O157:H7 direct antibody (FA) was used for the specific detection of target cells. Food samples were inoculated with starved E. coli O157:H7 and E. coli K-12 cells, and analyzed by both fluorescent microscopy and flow cytometry after double staining with FA and CTC. Respiring E. coli O157:H7 cells in food samples showed strong fluorescence of both FA (green) and CTC (red); thus, they could be clearly and specifically distinguished from respiring E. coli K-12 or inactive cells. A good correlation was achieved in flow cytometric analysis between the numbers of inoculated viable E. coli O157:H7 and those detected in milk and apple juice. The detection threshold for this flow cytometry for E. coli O157:H7 in milk, apple juice, and ground beef was 10(3) cells/ml (milk and apple juice) or 10(3) cells/g (ground beef) of sample when the total bacterial num...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

5-cyano-2,3-ditolyltetrazolium chloride
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