Rapid gas chromatographic profiling and screening of biologically active amines

Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
K R KimD H Jeong


An efficient method is described for the simultaneous determination of 57 amines including volatile aliphatic amines, nonvolatile polyamines and catecholamines present in aqueous samples. The method is based on two-phase isobutyloxycarbonylation (isoBOC) with a pH shift. In 1.0 M phosphate buffer at pH 7.5, phenolic hydroxyl groups were allowed to react with isobutyl chloroformate in the dichloromethane phase, and subsequently pH of the aqueous phase was increased to 12.0 for the reaction of basic amino functions. The resulting N(O)-isoBOC amines were recovered by solid-phase extraction using Chromosorb P in normal phase partition mode, with subsequent tert.- butyldimethylsilylation of the remaining hydroxyl groups for gas chromatographic analysis. Using this combined procedure, linear responses were obtained in the concentration range of 0.2-12 ppm, with correlation coefficients varying from 0.945 to 0.999 for most of the amines studied except for 5-methoxytryptamine (0.864). Temperature-programmed retention index (I) sets as measured on DB-5 and DB-17 dual-capillary columns of different polarity were characteristic of each amine and thus, useful in the screening for amines by computer I matching. When applied to saliva sample...Continue Reading


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