Nov 3, 2018

Rapid Geometric Feature Signaling In The Spiking Activity Of A Complete Population Of Tactile Nerve Fibers

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Benoit P DelhayeSliman J Bensmaia

Abstract

Tactile feature extraction is essential to guide the dexterous manipulation of objects. The longstanding theory is that geometric features at each location of contact between hand and object are extracted from the spatial layout of the response of populations of tactile nerve fibers. However, recent evidence suggests that some features (edge orientation, e.g.) are extracted very rapidly (<200ms), casting doubt that this information relies on a spatial code, which ostensibly requires integrating responses over time. An alternative hypothesis is that orientation is conveyed in precise temporal spiking patterns. Here, we simulate, using a recently developed and validated model, the responses of tactile fibers from the entire human fingertip (~800 afferents) to edges indented into the skin. We show that edge orientation can be quickly (<50 ms) and accurately (<3 degrees) decoded from the spatial pattern of activation across the afferent population, starting with the very first spike. Next, we implement a biomimetic decoder of edge orientation, consisting of a bank of oriented Gabor filters, designed to mimic the documented responses of cortical neurons. We find that the biomimetic approach leads to orientation decoding performance ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Patterns
Cortex Bone Disorders
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Neurons
Nerve Fibers
Cercopithecidae
Platyrrhini
Spatial Design
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Extraction

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