Mar 1, 1984

Rapid increase of calcitonin-specific mRNA after acute hypercalcemia

European Journal of Biochemistry
N SegondM S Moukhtar


The regulation of calcitonin (CT) secretion by calcium was studied by measuring CT mRNA extracted from thyroids of normal rats subjected to acute calcium stimulation in vivo. The 15000-Mr primary translation product of CT mRNA was identified by immunoprecipitation using specific antibodies. While total mRNA and total radioactivity incorporated after translation of total mRNA remained unaffected by the calcium stimulation, a fourfold increase in radioactivity incorporated in CT primary translation product occurred as early as 2 min after calcium administration. This peak coincided with a rise in plasma levels of the hormone and preceded a detectable decrease in tissue stores. These results suggest that calcium ion, either directly or indirectly via its action on intracellular stores of the hormone or its precursors, causes a rapid increase in cell levels of translatable CT mRNA. In view of the extremely short time (2 min) in which this increase occurs, the action is probably at the post-transcriptional level as no increase in CT mRNA levels could be detected by hybridization assay using a specific cDNA probe for human CT mRNA.

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