PMID: 1419Dec 1, 1975

Rapid screening of Veillonella by ultraviolet fluorescence

Journal of Clinical Microbiology
A W ChowL B Guze

Abstract

Among 51 strains of anaerobic gram-negative cocci belonging to the family Veillonellaceae, all strains of Veillonella (V. parvula and V. alcalescens) displayed red fluorescence under long-wave (366 nm) ultraviolet light, whereas no Acidaminococcus or Megasphaera demonstrated fluorescence. In contrast to Bacteroides melaninogenicus, growth of Veillonella does not require hemin and menadione, and flourescence is rapidly lost upon exposure to air. The fluorescent component of a strain of V. parvula examined could not be extracted in solution with water, ether, methanol, or chloroform, but was readily extracted with 0.4 N NaOH. Spectrophotofluorometrically, the fluorescence maximum of this extract was 660 nm with an excitation maximum of 300 nm, when measured at pH 7.2 and 25 C. Coupled with the Gram stain, ultraviolet fluorescence may be a useful tool for rapid screening of Veillonella and is particularly helpful for detection and, isolation of this organism from mixed culture.

Related Concepts

Air
Bacteriological Techniques
Prevotella melaninogenica
Color
Fluorescence
Effects of Radiation
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Black Light, Ultraviolet
Veillonella
Veillonellaceae

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