Genomic, geographic and temporal distributions of SARS-CoV-2 mutations

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
H.-C. YangJames C. Liao

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic is the most significant public health issue in recent history. Its causal agent, SARS-CoV-2, has evolved rapidly since its first emergence in December 2019. Mutations in the viral genome have critical impacts on the adaptation of viral strains to the local environment, and may alter the characteristics of viral transmission, disease manifestation, and the efficacy of treatment and vaccination. Using the complete sequences of 1,932 SARS-CoV-2 genomes, we examined the genomic, geographic and temporal distributions of aged, new, and frequent mutations of SARS-CoV-2, and identified six phylogenetic clusters of the strains, which also exhibit a geographic preference in different continents. Mutations in the form of single nucleotide variations (SNVs) provide a direct interpretation for the six phylogenetic clusters. Linkage disequilibrium, haplotype structure, evolutionary process, global distribution of mutations unveiled a sketch of the mutational history. Additionally, we found a positive correlation between the average mutation count and case fatality, and this correlation had strengthened with time, suggesting an important role of SNVs on disease outcomes. This study suggests that SNVs may become an import...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

CRISPR-Cas Systems
Cellularization
In Situ
Hepatitis G RNA Measurement
Mapping, Vessel
Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
Tissue Scaffolds
Locus
Cells, Cultured [Chemical/Ingredient]
DNA Barcode, Taxonomic

Related Feeds

CRISPR for Genome Editing (Preprints)

Genome editing technologies enable the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are DNA sequences in the genome that are recognized and cleaved by CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas). Here are the latest preprints on the use of CRISPR-Cas system in gene editing.

CRISPR (general)

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are DNA sequences in the genome that are recognized and cleaved by CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas). CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Discover the latest research on CRISPR here.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

CRISPR Ribonucleases Deactivation

CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. This feed focuses on mechanisms that underlie deactivation of CRISPR ribonucleases. Here is the latest research.

CRISPR for Genome Editing

Genome editing technologies enable the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are DNA sequences in the genome that are recognized and cleaved by CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas). Here is the latest research on the use of CRISPR-Cas system in gene editing.

Researcher Network:CZI Neurodegeneration Challenge

The Neurodegeneration Challenge Network aims to provide funding for and to bring together researchers studying neurodegenerative diseases. Find the latest research from the NDCN grantees here.

CRISPR Genome Editing & Therapy (Preprints)

CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. This feed focuses on the application of this system for gene editing and therapy in human diseases.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Related Papers

Nature Methods
Reza KalhorGeorge M Church
BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Reza KalhorGeorge M Church
Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
Benjamin E Housden, Norbert Perrimon
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved