Rapidly progressing cervical cancer in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection.

Gynecologic Oncology
M A RellihanR N Longfield

Abstract

Many malignancies occur in association with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is increased in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, although coexistent HIV infection and cervical cancer have not been described. We describe a patient with HIV infection and a stage IIB, poorly differentiated cervical carcinoma who initially responded well to standard radiation therapy. Relapse at an unusual periclitoral site as well as disseminated carcinomatosis appeared within 2 months. Despite chemotherapy with cisplatin, bleomycin, and mitomycin C, the patient died within 3 months of relapse. This pattern of aggressive tumor behavior may occur more frequently as HIV infection spreads into the heterosexual population. We recommend frequent pelvic and cytologic examinations of HIV-infected women and the consideration of an aggressive treatment approach should invasive carcinoma be detected.

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