Rare forms of isolation of the subclavian artery: echocardiographic diagnosis and surgical considerations
Cardiology in the Young
D B McElhinneyF L Hanley
Isolation of the subclavian artery is an unusual anomaly in which the subclavian artery arises not from the aortic arch but from a pulmonary artery via an arterial duct. Such isolation most often occurs with a right aortic arch, and in lesions frequently associated with a right arch, such as tetralogy of Fallot. Since 1994, we have undertaken surgery in four young infants with isolated subclavian arteries and unusual associated anomalies, including one with atrioventricular septal defect and common valvar orifice, two with interruption of a left aortic arch and one with interruption of a right aortic arch. In both patients with interrupted left arch, the isolated subclavian artery was diagnosed preoperatively by echocardiography. We emphasize the significant surgical issues.
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.