DOI: 10.1101/19012484Nov 27, 2019Paper

Rare Loss-of-Function Mutations of PTGIR identified in Fibromuscular Dysplasia and Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
Adrien GeorgesNabila Bouatia-Naji

Abstract

Background: Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD) and Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD) are related, non-atherosclerotic arterial diseases mainly affecting middle-aged women. Little is known about their physiopathological mechanisms. Objectives: We aimed to identify rare genetic causes to elucidate molecular mechanisms implicated in FMD and SCAD. Methods: We analyzed 29 exomes that included familial and sporadic FMD. Follow-up was conducted by targeted or Sanger sequencing (1,071 FMD and 365 SCAD patients) or lookups in exome (264 FMD) or genome sequences (488 SCAD), all independent and unrelated. We used TRAPD burden test to test for enrichment in patients compared to gnomAD controls. The biological effects of variants on receptor signaling and protein expression were characterized using transient overexpression in human cells. Results: We identified one rare loss-of-function variant (LoF) (MAFgnomAD=0.000075) shared by two FMD sisters in the prostaglandin I2 receptor (hIP) gene (PTGIR), a key player in vascular remodeling. Follow-up in >1,300 FMD patients revealed four additional LoF allele carriers and a putative enrichment in FMD (P=0.0008), in addition to several rare missense variants. We confirmed the LoFs (Q163X and...Continue Reading

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