Rate-dependent action potential alternans in human heart failure implicates abnormal intracellular calcium handling

Heart Rhythm : the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Jason D BayerNatalia A Trayanova

Abstract

Alternans in action potential voltage (APV-ALT) at heart rates <110 bpm is a novel index to predict ventricular arrhythmias. However, the rate dependency of APV-ALT and its mechanisms in failing versus nonfailing human myocardium are poorly understood. It is hypothesized that APV-ALT in human heart failure (HF) reflects abnormal calcium handling. Using a modeling and clinical approach, our objectives were to (1) determine how APV-ALT varies with pacing rate and (2) ascertain whether abnormalities in calcium handling explain the rate dependence of APV-ALT in HF. APV-ALT was analyzed at several cycle lengths (CLs) using a dynamic pacing protocol applied to a human left ventricle wedge model with various alterations in calcium handling. Modeled APV-ALT was used to predict APV-ALT in left ventricle monophasic action potentials recorded from HF (n = 3) and control (n = 2) patients with the same pacing protocol. Reducing the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium uptake current < or =25%, the release current < or =11%, or the sarcolemmal L-type calcium channel current < or =43% of control predicted APV-ALT to arise at CL > or =600 ms and then increase in magnitude by >400% for CL <400 ms. In HF patients, APV-ALT arose at CL = 600 ms and then...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Nerve Impulses
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Calcium
Calcium Metabolism Disorders
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Myocardial Failure
Pulse Rate
Alanine Transaminase
Calcium
Cell Cycle

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