Oct 13, 2009

Rate-dependent AV nodal refractoriness: a new functional framework based on concurrent effects of basic and pretest cycle length

American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Rafik Tadros, J Billette


The atrioventricular (AV) node filters atrial impulses. Underlying rate-dependent refractory properties are assessed with the effective (ERPN; longest nonconducted atrial cycle length) and functional (FRPN; shortest His bundle cycle) refractory period determined with premature protocols at different basic rates. Fast rates prolong ERPN and shorten FRPN, but these effects vary with subjects, age, and species. We propose that these opposite and variable effects reflect the net sum of concurrent cumulative and noncumulative effects associated with basic (BCL) and pretest cycle length (PTCL), respectively. To test this hypothesis, we assessed selective and combined effects of five BCL (S1S1) and six PTCL (S1S2) on ERPN, FRPN, and their subintervals (ERPN=A2H2+H2A3 and FRPN=H2A3+A3H3, where A is atrium and H is His bundle) with S1S2S3 protocols in six rabbit heart preparations. At control BCL, PTCL shortenings prolonged ERPN (113+/-12 vs. 101+/-14 ms, P<0.01) as a net result of prolonged A2H2 and curtailed H2A3. At control PTCL, BCL shortenings increased ERPN (127+/-20 vs. 101+/-14 ms, P<0.01) by prolonging A2H2. FRPN did not vary with BCL but decreased (163+/-6 vs. 175+/-10 ms, P<0.01) with PTCL that curtailed H2A3. Equal BCL and P...Continue Reading

  • References25
  • Citations4


Mentioned in this Paper

Supraventricular Tachyarrhythmia
Supraventricular Tachycardia
Leg Length Inequality
Left Bundle Branch of His
Refractory Period, Electrophysiological
Refractory Period
Atrial Function
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
NODAL gene

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.