PMID: 233717Nov 1, 1975Paper

Rates of ion movement from plasma to endolymph in the dogfish

The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
T H MarenA D Addink


The rates of movement of Na+, Rb+, Cl- and HCO3- from plasma to endolymph were studied in the elasmobranch fish, Squalus acanthias, by use of the appropriate isotopes. Rb+ was used as a marker for K+. The half-times to equilibrium for Na+, Rb+ and Cl- were about 100 hours; for HCO3- it was 6 hours. The equilibrium ratios, endolymph/plasma, are Na+ 0.87, K+ 26, Cl- 1.37, HCO3- 1.47. Carbonic anhydrase inhibition decreased the rate of HCO3- accumulation, suggesting that the process is actually the formation of endolymphatic HCO3- from plasma or tissue CO2. Increase in plasma pCO2 elevates endolymph HCO3- concentration. The secretory tissue contains carbonic anhydrase and Na-K-ATPase. These and other data suggest that a dominant feature of endolymph chemistry may be HCO3- formation linked in some fashion with K+ transport, through rates catalyzed by these two enzymes.


Mar 1, 1975·The American Journal of Physiology·B P Vogh, T H Maren
Jul 1, 1973·The American Journal of Physiology·E J SimonM Kashgarian
Oct 1, 1967·Physiological Reviews·T H Maren
Mar 5, 1971·Science·E S CohnS W Brusilow
Jan 1, 1967·Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology·H M PappiusJ B Dossetor
Feb 11, 1961·Nature·S D ERULKAR, T H MAREN
Mar 1, 1965·The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology·Y B CHOO, D TABOWITZ

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.