Apr 2, 2002

Rational design of a polymer specific for microcystin-LR using a computational approach

Analytical Chemistry
Iva ChianellaA P F Turner

Abstract

A computational approach for the design of a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) specific for Cyanobacterial toxin microcystin-LR is presented. By using molecular modeling software, a virtual library of functional monomers was designed and screened against the target toxin, employed as a template. The monomers giving the highest binding energy were selected and used in a simulated annealing (molecular dynamics) process to investigate their interaction with the template. The stoichiometric ratio observed from the simulated annealing study was used in MIP preparation for microcystin-LR. The monomers were copolymerized with a cross-linker in the presence of the template. A control (blank) polymer was prepared under the same conditions but in the absence of template. A competitive assay with microcystin-horseradish peroxidase conjugate was optimized and used to evaluate the affinity and cross-reactivity of the polymer. The performance of the artificial receptor was compared to the performance of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies raised against the toxin. The results indicate that imprinted polymer has affinity and sensitivity comparable to those of polyclonal antibodies (the detection limit for microcystin-LR using the MIP-based...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Microcystin
Molecular Dynamics
In Silico
Microcystins
Cyclic Peptides
Libraries, Virtual
Toxin
Molecular Modeling
Cross Reactions
Polymers

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