Mar 27, 2012

Rationally designed families of orthogonal RNA regulators of translation

Nature Chemical Biology
Vivek K MutalikAdam P Arkin

Abstract

Our ability to routinely engineer genetic networks for applications is limited by the scarcity of highly specific and non-cross-reacting (orthogonal) gene regulators with predictable behavior. Though antisense RNAs are attractive contenders for this purpose, quantitative understanding of their specificity and sequence-function relationship sufficient for their design has been limited. Here, we use rationally designed variants of the RNA-IN-RNA-OUT antisense RNA-mediated translation system from the insertion sequence IS10 to quantify >500 RNA-RNA interactions in Escherichia coli and integrate the data set with sequence-activity modeling to identify the thermodynamic stability of the duplex and the seed region as the key determinants of specificity. Applying this model, we predict the performance of an additional ~2,600 antisense-regulator pairs, forecast the possibility of large families of orthogonal mutants, and forward engineer and experimentally validate two RNA pairs orthogonal to an existing group of five from the training data set. We discuss the potential use of these regulators in next-generation synthetic biology applications.

  • References44
  • Citations75

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Antisense RNA
Protein Biosynthesis
Mutant
Antisense RNA Location
Escherichia coli
Synthetic Biology
Insertion Mutation
Genetic Engineering
DNA Insertion Elements

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