May 29, 1995

RB-reconstituted human retinoblastoma cells form RB-positive intraocular and intracerebral but not subcutaneous tumors in SCID mice

International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer
L SzekelyK G Wiman

Abstract

WERI-Rb27 human retinoblastoma cells were reconstituted with an intact RB gene by retrovirus-mediated gene transfer, in order to study the phenotypic effects of the protein in vitro and in vivo. Extensive morphological changes were observed, dominated by the formation of multinucleated giant cells. Six weeks after retroviral infection, the giant cells began to die and small cells emerged, resembling the parental non-reconstituted line. They expressed RB and continued to grow, although they showed an increased sensitivity to serum starvation. The original RB-negative cells grew progressively after subcutaneous inoculation into SCID mice, whereas the reconstituted cells failed to grow. RB-positive cells grew progressively in the corpus vitreum of the eye and in the brain, however. The RB-reconstituted cells grew more slowly and were less invasive than the parental cells and cells infected with a firefly luciferase (LUX) gene carrying retrovirus, used as controls. RB-reconstituted cells re-explanted from the intraocular and intracranial tumors continued to express full-length RB protein. RBeye2, an RB-positive cell line established from an eye tumor, was still unable to grow subcutaneously. The reduced tumorigenicity of the RB-rec...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations3

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations3

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Transfection
Neoplasms
Gene Expression
Malignant Tumor of Eye
Retinoblastoma
Retinoblastoma Genes
Prkdc
Brain Neoplasms
X-Linked Combined Immunodeficiency Diseases
Mouse, SCID-hu

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Coronavirus Protein Structures

Deciphering and comparing the proteins of different coronaviruses forms a basis for understanding SARS-CoV-2 evolution and virus-receptor interactions. This feed follows studies analyzing the structures of coronavirus proteins, thereby revealing potential drug target sites.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects girls due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.

ALS: Stress Granules

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by cytoplasmic protein aggregates within motor neurons. TDP-43 is an ALS-linked protein that is known to regulate splicing and storage of specific mRNAs into stress granules, which have been implicated in formation of ALS protein aggregates. Here is the latest research.

Fusion Oncoproteins in Childhood Cancers

This feed explores the function of fusion oncoproteins in specific childhood cancers, including those from racial/ethnic minority and underserved groups, and to provide preclinical assessment of potential therapeutics and how fusion oncoproteins influence gene expression to perturb normal cellular programs to block lineage differentiation and development

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis

Cytokinesis is the highly regulated process that physically separates daughter and mother cells in late mitosis. The mitotic-exit network (MEN), the signalling pathway that drives mitotic exit, directly regulates cytokinesis. Discover the latest research on mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis here.

DNA Replication Origin

DNA replication is initiated as specific gene sequences, called origins, that function to start DNA replication. Pre-replication complexes are assembled at these origins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. These sequences allow for targeted activation or deactivation of replication. Discover the latest research on DNA replication origins here.

Related Papers

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Y ZhouH J Xu
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie
R OsuskyS J Ryan
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved